Solar photovoltaic (PV) panels are devices that convert sunlight into electricity. They are typically made of a material called silicon, which is composed of atoms that can release electrons when they are struck by sunlight.
When sunlight hits the surface of a solar PV panel, it causes the electrons in the silicon atoms to become excited and start moving around. These moving electrons create an electrical current, which can be captured by the panel and used as electricity.
Solar PV panels are often installed on rooftops or in large fields, where they can capture as much sunlight as possible. They are connected to an inverter, which converts the DC electricity produced by the panel into AC electricity that can be used to power homes, businesses, and other types of buildings.
Solar PV panels are becoming more and more popular because they are a clean, renewable source of energy that can help reduce our dependence on fossil fuels. They also do not produce any emissions or pollutants while operating, making them an environmentally friendly choice for generating electricity.